John T. Carroll

Harriet Robertson Fitts Memorial Professor of New Testament

Email: .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)

Phone: 804.278.4242

Location: Richmond

Department: Bible


Princeton Theological Seminary, M.Div., Ph.D.

Oxford University,  Dipl. Theol.

University of Tulsa, B.A.

John T. Carroll is Harriet Robertson Fitts Memorial Professor of New Testament and Director of the Program for Excellence in Teaching and Learning at Union Presbyterian Seminary. He was called to the seminary’s faculty in 1992, after serving for six years on the faculty at Louisiana State University. After service as academic dean for ten years, he returned to a full-time faculty role in July 2010.

An M.Div. graduate of Princeton Seminary in 1979, Carroll received a B.A. from the University of Tulsa and a Diploma in Theology from Oxford University. After graduating from Princeton Seminary, he was associate pastor of First Presbyterian Church in Dearborn, Michigan (1979–1982). After completing the Ph.D. in New Testament at Princeton Seminary in 1986, he taught religious studies at LSU in Baton Rouge. While at LSU, he was active in the work of the Presbytery of South Louisiana and served for two years as interim pastor of a small church in the Baton Rouge area. He has also taught as a visiting professor at Lutheran Seminary in Philadelphia, the College of William and Mary, and Randolph-Macon College.

Professor Carroll’s primary research and teaching interests include the Gospels, the message and ministry of Jesus, early Christian apocalyptic literature, theological interpretation of the Bible, and the intersections between the Bible and contemporary culture and between the Bible and contemporary ethical concerns. He has authored or co-authored five books: Response to the End of History: Eschatology and Situation in Luke-Acts (1988); The Death of Jesus in Early Christianity (1995); Preaching the Hard Sayings of Jesus (1996); The Return of Jesus in Early Christianity (2000); and Luke: A Commentary (New Testament Library, 2012). He also edited The Word in This World (2004) and co-edited Faith and History: Essays in Honor of Paul W. Meyer (1990). He was associate editor and then co-editor of Interpretation from 1996 to 2003, and returned to service as co-editor in January 2014. Professor Carroll is a founding member of the New Testament Library Editorial Advisory Board. He is co-chair of the Gospel of Luke Section for the Society of Biblical Literature.

Professor Carroll enjoys teaching adult education classes in local congregations and has served as minister member of the session at Ginter Park Presbyterian Church. He is married to Maria Ramos, an English professor at J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College in Richmond, Virginia, and they have a young son, Oscar James. He also has two adult children, Andrew and Anna. A semi-professional musician, he is principal trombonist for the Richmond Philharmonic and the Richmond Brass Consort and also performs with the trombone choir of Virginia Commonwealth University. He retired from a 15-year amateur baseball career after his team won the league championship in 2010 and 2011.

Books, Publications & Workshops

Published article “The Gospel of Luke: A Contemporary Cartography,” in Interpretation 68, no. 4 (2014): 366–75.

Forthcoming: an article “Luke–Acts, Theology of,” for The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology (OEBT), ed. Samuel Balentine et al., to be published by Oxford University Press.

Luke: A Commentary,  New Testament Library (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2012).

"Luke," in New Interpreter’s One-Volume Commentary on the Bible, ed. Beverly Roberts Gaventa and David L. Petersen (Nashville: Abingdon, 2010), 679–708:

The Death of Jesus in Early Christianity, with Joel B. Green, et al. (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1995; reprinted and available from Baker Academic Group):

Preaching the Hard Sayings of Jesus, with James R. Carroll (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1996; reprinted and available from Baker Academic Group):

The Return of Jesus in Early Christianity, with Alexandra R. Brown, Claudia Setzer, and Jeffrey S. Siker (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2000):

The Word in This World: Essays in New Testament Exegesis and Theology, by Paul W. Meyer, edited by John T. Carroll (New Testament Library Classics; Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2004):

Response to the End of History: Eschatology and Situation in Luke-Acts (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1988):

Faith and History: Essays in Honor of Paul W. Meyer, edited with Charles H. Cosgrove and E. Elizabeth Johnson (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990; reprinted and available from Wipf & Stock):




Faculty Speaking Engagements and Events

Courses Taught

New Testament 1: Gospels; New Testament 2: Acts, Epistles, Apocalypse; Gospel of Luke; Luke’s Radical Gospel; Romans; Apocalyptic Literature; Elementary Greek; Advanced Greek Readings; Biblical Interpretation; Graduate Seminar in New Testament (History, Issues, and Methods); Biblical Theology; Biblical Authority; Parables of Jesus; Death of Jesus: Biblical Approaches; Apocalyptic Literature; Preaching Challenging New Testament Texts; Preaching the Parables; Biblical Approaches to Pastoral Care; Letters of Paul; Jesus in History and Tradition; Apocalypse Now and Then; Book of Revelation; Gnosticism and Early Christianity; Graduate Seminar in Teaching; New Testament Ethics; Seminar on Romans; and Church, Community, World: New Testament Images.

Curriculum Vitae